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School-Based Counselling

In 2018, Citizens UK heard from pupils, parents and teachers in the North East who highlighted how existing services often failed to meet the psychological needs of children and young people.

In 2020, one in six children aged 5 to 19 years old were identified as having a probable mental disorder. Unlike in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, there is no statutory requirement for, or provision of, school-based counselling in England, leaving some pupils in England without access to a counsellor. [1]

Approximately a quarter of GP referrals to UK child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) were rejected in 2018/19 on the grounds that their symptoms were not severe enough. [2] Then, in 2019, the UK Government began piloting Mental Health Support Teams (MHSTs) in England who would work across schools, supporting them to develop low-intensity interventions for pupils experiencing mild to moderate mental health difficulties. We believe School-based counselling can fill the 'missing middle' between MHSTs and CAMHS as it is a proven intervention for children and young people experiencing psychological distress and has also been shown to minimise pressure on CAMHS services.

Citizens UK is working in partnership with the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the teachers’ union NASUWT to campaign for the statutory provision of school-based counselling in English schools and further education colleges.

Our Asks

Citizens UK is calling on the UK Government to secure the statutory provision of school-based counselling in English primary schools, secondary schools and further education colleges that is:

  • Cooperative: Beginning with a commitment to early years mental health education, the provision of counselling should be situated strategically on a continuum of intervention and support. The provision of counselling can take different forms according to the child’s preference (digital wellbeing tools, telephone counselling, face-to-face sessions at school or external venues).

  • Collaborative: Counsellors should liaise internally with their school (Mental Health Lead, Family Liaison Officer, senior management team) and with external agencies (social services, police, local education authority), so that provision is sensitive to the child’s family dynamics, the impact of social determinants and the demography of the school catchment area.

  • Consistent: Counselling should be provided by those trained on a nationally recognised course, registered with a professional body for reasons of ethical oversight, training and supervision, and experienced in working with primary school-age-children.

  • According to the British Association of Counselling Psychotherapists Children and Young Peoples (CYP) Competence Framework, the minimum level of qualification and experience required for being a school-based counsellor is a Diploma in Higher Education in Counselling (Level 5).

Key Facts and Figures

  • Citizens UK believes this provision will cost ÂŁ626 million per annum (for BACP accredited counsellors).

  • As of June 2021, there are are 12.4 million young people in English primary schools, secondary schools and further education college

  • In 2021, one in six children aged 5 to 19 years were identified as having a probable mental disorder. This means that 2,065,866 young people in England could require counselling.

  • Pupils normally attend an average of six sessions of counselling requiring 14,970 counsellors would need to be employed.

  • According to the National Joint Council for Local Government Services 2021/22 pay scale, the cost of employing 14,970 counsellors would come to: ÂŁ626 million per annum (for BACP accredited counsellors) compared with the ÂŁ1.8 billion spent on CAMHS services in 2021.*

  • The wider economic costs of mental illness in England (mental health services, lost productivity at work and reduced quality of life) have been estimated at ÂŁ105.2 billion each year.

  • *The NHS budget in 2021 was ÂŁ192 billion, of which 14% (ÂŁ26.8 billion) was spent on mental health. According to the most publicly available statistics, CAMHS spending constitutes 6.7% of the overall mental health spend, or ÂŁ1.8 billion.
St Thomas More Catholic High School Sixth Form - Elliot

Brief History of the Campaign

Living Well Report read here.

NEAT Report read here.

Back-bench debate November 2021: Debate Part 1 | Debate Part 2

Nick Brown MP recognising Tyne & Wear Citizens

Paul Bristow recognising Peterborough Citizens:

The Minister of State’s response (Will Quince MP, Colchester)

Watch the recording of the debate which started at 5pm here.

View the map of the results to date: here.


[1] Survey conducted in July 2020 shows one in six children having a probable mental disorder - NHS Digital

[2] Access to child and adolescent mental health services in 2019 - Education Policy Institute

Key Leaders for this Campaign

Citizens UK is a diverse alliance of civil society organisations committed to working together toward the common good.

Benita Wishart

Elizabeth Coleman 

Gavin Cartwright 

Josie Drapkin

Emma Coleman 

Saidul Haque, Organiser 

Martin Poole

Paul Newman

Alison Cousens 

James Barton 

Sebastien Chapleau, Organiser 

Beks Korniej 

Jon Smith 

Ann Webster 

Sanchita Chaudhary 

Matthew Gough 

Fran Moss, Organiser

Michelle Lay 

Timothy Hall 

Sarah Collins 

Dilraj Kaur, Organiser 

Alisdair Cameron 

Joe Barton 

Simon Mason 

Michael Thompson 

St Thomas More Catholic High School Sixth Form - Emily

How to get involved

I want to register our educational institution because we are working towards School-based Counselling provision!

I want to register an educational institution that has School-based Counselling provision!

I want my CUK Chapter to be listed as supporting the School-based Counselling Campaign